31
Jul

Schizophrenia Treatment in Tamilnadu

Schizophrenia has both positive and negative symptoms, do you know?

The human mind is a complex system comprising several layers and multiple systems that often fail to make sense, even to the experts. Why the mind works the way it does, and why emotions affect the thought processes of the brain, and thought processes trigger certain emotions, is something cognitive psychologists work on every day to unravel. 

Such complexities make detection of a brain malfunction a virtual challenge. The demarcation of odd, eccentric, emotional, and delusional is a very fine line indeed. In Abhasa we believe in an organic and healthy lifestyle as it helps to define good living. With environmental challenges, it becomes difficult in certain diseases like Schizophrenia. 

Today Our centre provides sophisticated treatment and luxurious rehabilitation exclusively for Schizophrenia in Tamilnadu. We are happy to be a part of the new revolution and be there for schizophrenia patients in India. 

Conditions

The condition called schizophrenia, a brain disorder, is often defined as serious and characterized by disturbances in the pattern of thought, perception, and behavior. It is a state of mind where one loses touch with reality and cannot differentiate between actuality and delusional scenarios. The patient thus goes through catatonic and often disorganized speech patterns and behaviors that have intense hallucinations that can gradually deteriorate the quality of living.

A condition that can affect about one in a hundred people and affecting men in the age range of 15-25 years and women in the range of 25-35 years, schizophrenia is often mistaken for dissociative identity disorder (multiple or split personality disorder) and violent dementia, while in reality, majority of schizophrenic patients are not prone to violence.

Biological factors trigger chemical imbalance in the brain, causing erratic, abnormal behavior beyond the control of the individual. Although this is sometimes attributed to extreme stress, the exact causes that trigger this condition are as yet unconfirmed. There is, however, a genetic and environmental contribution that causes an imbalance in neurotransmitter chemicals like dopamine and glutamate that can set off the symptoms of schizophrenia.

Certain other factors that can trigger schizophrenic conditions is exposure to certain viruses, toxins, or malnutrition while in the womb (especially second and third trimesters), oxygen deprivation to the brain during delivery, Drug and substance abuse, especially abuse of psychoactive drugs and substances in adolescence and young adulthood are all documented reasons.

Read alsoPost Traumatic Stress Disorder treatment in Tamilnadu – Abhasa

Positive Symptoms

The identification of the symptoms of schizophrenia is sometimes straightforward but most often not easy to place, especially while the patient is still cognitive and in control of their reactions and faculties. 

Delusions, persistent obsessive thoughts about a non-existent scenario, hallucinations about voices, smells, tastes, and visions are classic indicators. The urge to follow orders from an invisible voice, arguments, or discussions with themselves are progressive signs. 

Dismembered and jumbled thoughts, illogical thought processes, echoing voices in the ears, jumping from one train of thought to another without any apparent connection are yet another marker to look for. And most importantly, usage of new words that don’t make sense to others (neologism) and usage of ordinary words in a misplaced context (metonyms) show up suddenly.

Aside from these, there are a few more serious behavioral abnormalities, named thought possession disorders. Namely, the feeling that certain thoughts are not “their own” or “planted by someone else” and vice versa; certain thoughts are” removed” by an external force or agent. Also, they may go to the extent of believing that someone might be reading their thoughts or blocking certain thoughts from their minds.

Now, these are what are called positive symptoms. On the other end of the spectrum, we have negative symptoms,

Negative Symptoms

Schizophrenia is characterized by lack of motivation, lack of interest in social interactions, lack of concentration, leading to incomplete tasks, a monotonous tone of voice, with no change in expression of emotions, and yet sometimes, misplaced emotional responses like laughing when sad, and self-neglect at the extreme manifestation.

Often, persistent negative symptoms are said to be the cause of long-term disability. But whichever the case, most of these symptoms develop very subtly and gradually, and family members might not even realize the changes until far too late. Especially when the symptoms manifest during the teenage years, the symptoms are often confused with pubescent and adolescent behaviors and hence not focused on much. 

This makes diagnosing a challenge since doctors will look for the symptoms to be present for at least several weeks prior before arriving at a conclusion. And also, not all symptoms may manifest with all patients. They are also, depending on the main symptoms that present, the type of schizophrenia may be classified as Simple Schizophrenia, where patients develop mostly negative symptoms, and Paranoid Schizophrenia, where patients develop mostly positive symptoms. 

There are also cases where a mixture of positive and negative symptoms present. These symptoms may manifest quickly or very gradually, and in both cases, they might be misleading to family members and friends.

Treatment

The treatment process most often requires hospital care, depending on the severity of symptoms and also prolonged medicine intake. In Tamilnadu, India, at Abhasa, Schizophrenia has a medically intimate value for its patients. Schizophrenia includes a team of psychiatrists, nurses, and psychologists to work with the patient to chart out their health care routine. 

Given the nature of symptoms, the patient may not be cooperative initially, which might require strong persuasion from the practitioner and the family caregivers.

Long term administration of medicines, specifically antipsychotic drugs to control the recurrence of episodes (relapses) and neurotransmitters to alter the chemical balance in the brain, are the following norm. 

Some of these may produce a sedative “drugging” effect, and achieving the right balance of symptom normalizing and prevention of drugging is a trade-off that the doctor can help locate. Medicines can be either Atypical or Conventional. There are a lot of new wave medicines that can help achieve the right balance without being too overpowering or suppressive.

Depending on the severity of symptoms, the timeline of manifestation of symptoms, the patient may be required to take the medications anywhere from one or two years to even as long as lifelong. And, even if not in all cases, some side effects may show up due to the medicines. Drowsiness, weight gain, leading to heart problems and diabetes, movement disorders like dystonia (abnormal facial and body movement), akathisia (restless legs), Parkinsonism (tremors and muscle stiffness) are stated side effects from prolonged use of medications.

Therapy at Abhasa

Aside from medical intervention at Abhasa, cognitive behavioral therapy and psychosocial treatment for social skills, family therapy, vocational retraining and occupational therapy, individual therapy for symptoms management, coping with stress, and early warning for relapse are all parallel options to ease the patient to a comfortable state of living and helps them achieve focus on moving forward with life.

Awareness related to such ailments are vital since left untreated, they may lead to depression, suicidal tendencies, substance abuse, social withdrawal, severe anxiety disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorders, aggressive and manic behavior, and even to the extent of physical ailments like weight gain, low blood pressure, nausea, seizures, sexual problems, etc.

In this time and age where medical advancements have grown by leaps and bounds, awareness is still pending, especially on problems associated with mental wellness. Mental health is a must-point for focus and educating the general population about these ailments and their treatments and coping mechanisms is an insistent point for the years to come.