Anxiety is a feeling that occurs when an individual face potentially harmful or worrying triggers, However, when a person regularly feels disproportionate levels of anxiety, it might become a medical disorder that makes it hard for the patient to cope with everyday activities.
Bipolar Disorder is a disease in which one’s mood can rise to be elevated from being depressed without any significant change in the external environment. During the times of mania or elevated mood, a person feels extremely happy, hyperactive, extremely energetic and sometimes highly irritated. Whereas in times of depression a person is surrounded by damaging negative thoughts about life, excessive crying and an extreme feeling of hopelessness and loneliness.
Depression is a natural human emotion, where a person feels upset, helpless over a prolonged period of time. This affects a person’s day to day life, their relationships, social life and mental health. This can cause them to start using alcohol and drugs. Depression is more alarming due to the suicide rate caused by it in our country and it is strongly recommended that a person under depression should open up and share his feeling and thoughts to his friends/ family or should go visit a counsellor or psychiatrist for better advice and to look at things or problems from a different point of view.
OCD is characterised by unreasonable and unwanted feelings, ideas and sensations creating a fear that can be categorised as obsession resulting in repetitive behaviours and rituals which can be termed as a compulsion. With OCD a person may or may not realize that their obsessions aren’t reasonable but face consistent urges which causes anxiety and distress.
Personality is the way of thinking, feeling and behaving that makes a person different from other people. Personality is influenced by experiences, environment and inherited characteristics. A person’s personality typically stays the same over time. A personality disorder is a way of thinking, feeling and behaving that deviates from the expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning, and lasts over time. A personality disorder can be of various forms but when identified can be cured or kept under control with therapy and medications.
Post traumatic stress disorder occurs in a person after a traumatic experience, for example rape, being kidnapped, child abuse, witnessing a natural disaster, or even in war veterans that causes persistent mental and emotional stress. It is often accompanied by depression and other anxiety disorders, and substance abuse among people with PTSD is also high.
Schizophrenia is a long-term mental disorder, where a person starts living in an imaginary world making it hard for the patient to recognise what is real and what is imaginary resulting in a significant deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life. The suicide rate among people suffering from schizophrenia is very high, making it very important to start the treatment at the right time.