The effects of trauma on a person are nuanced, and people react to stress in different ways. It's true that people's responses to trauma can vary widely, even when they've both experienced the same thing. Some reactions to trauma, however, tend to be more typical. Dissociation is one such reaction, and it occurs most frequently in circumstances of severe physical, emotional, or sexual abuse or severe neglect. One must realize that dissociation is a defence mechanism, a method by which the mind deals with the trauma it has experienced.

A person's duration of dissociation might range from hours or days to weeks or months. People who disassociate for extended periods of time are at risk for developing the dissociative disorder. This article describes dissociation, discusses its relationship to traumatic experiences, and offers advice on how to address it. With dissociation, a person loses touch with their own identity, along with their ideas, emotions, and memories. When under tremendous pressure, the brain's information-processing system breaks down.

Taking this approach requires you to disconnect from the world around you. It is a normal reaction to traumatic experiences, and it is more common in people who have had multiple traumatic experiences or who experienced trauma at a young age. Dissociation serves as a defence mechanism here. It's a coping mechanism for when things seem too overwhelming to deal with, such as during a tragic occurrence (after a traumaticevent).

It's a form of aiding the person in enduring it, I suppose. Up to 10% of the population will experience dissociation at some point in their lives, according to studies.  We also know that dissociation occurs in over 75% of people who encounter trauma, either immediately after the event or in the days, weeks, or months that follow. As a symptom of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or borderline personality disorder, dissociation is another possible outcome of these conditions (BPD). Dissociative states can also be induced by other medications like ketamine.

When does dissociation become problematic?

Mild forms of dissociation present as daydreaming or ‘zoning out, a bit like getting lost in a book, movie, or meditation, or simply losing a sense of awareness of what is going on around you. This is a normal process that almost everyone experiences from time to time. In its chronic and more serious form, it involves a deep disconnection from feelings and memories and is highly disruptive.

When a person dissociates, they may forget completely about certain time periods, events, or personal information and can feel strangely detached from their own body. A person with a serious dissociative disorder has no sense of identity and feels completely disconnected from the world. People have described the experience as feeling like being “outside the pilot’s chair, looking at, but not controlling, the gauges.

How many distinct dissociative illnesses are there?

Dissociative disorders fall into one of three broad categories. Specifically, these are:

  • In dissociative amnesia, one's identity and past experiences become inaccessible to them.
  • Dissociation from self and environment (the world doesn't seem real, like in a dream) and depersonalization or derealization disorder (body parts can feel smaller or not real)
  • Dis characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities that do not merge or disappear
Dissociation: What Kind of Trauma Is Responsible?

Dissociation can be brought on by any traumatic experience. It occurs in the majority of cases after an individual experiences a distressing event over which they had no control. This may be the result of repeated or chronic stress (as that caused by war) or abuse. To dissociate is to remove oneself from the present moment, from the agony and terror that one is experiencing. Dissociation is a common reaction to the trauma of any kind.

Anything from being attacked or abused (either physically or emotionally or sexually), to being in the line of fire in a battle, to being kidnapped, to undergoing invasive medical treatments, to being neglected, all fall into this category. The American Psychiatric Association reports that over 90% of patients with dissociative identity disorder in the United States, Canada, and Europe had a traumatic upbringing.

Can you explain how traumatic experiences lead to dissociation?

The neuroscience of dissociation after trauma is crucial to comprehend. You have surely heard of the "fight or flight" response that the body has while under stress. This is a defence system that has evolved within the body to keep us safe. Hormones are released when we feel threatened or in danger, preparing us to either stay and fight or run.

It's a natural process that gives you a jolt of energy and makes you more aware of your surroundings. The body responds by increasing its metabolic rate, respiratory rate, and peripheral eyesight, among other things, to meet the increased demand for oxygen. However, there are occasions when neither fighting nor fleeing is an option (perhaps because they are too young). When this happens, bodily functions freeze.

The brain sends out substances to dull your senses so you can cope. Our ability to think ceased. Dissociation is a state of feeling detached and disoriented. This is a basic, hardwired response to danger. It is possible for the body to develop an excessive or overactive response following a traumatic incident. Dissociation's neural-circuit dynamics and chemical basis have been uncovered through studies conducted at Stanford University. This research points to a specific protein in a specific population of cells as being essential to the experience of alienation.

Recent studies of abused children and adolescents have revealed neurochemical, functional, and structural abnormalities in brain regions important for cognition and memory. Dissociative symptoms are associated with worse cognitive performance in borderline personality disorder. A decrease in activity in limbic(-related) temporal areas (amygdala, superior temporal gyrus, fusiform gyrus), an increase in activity in frontal areas (inferior frontal gyrus, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex), and a change in the way these areas interact with one another have been seen.

How Can Abhasa Help With Dissociative Disorder?

Here, at Abhasa Luxury Rehab Centre, we are well aware of the problems one experiences when one suffers from a dissociative disorder. For such reasons, we provide:

  1. Outstanding and world-class therapies.
  2. Medication.
  3. Treatments that will not just treat the symptoms of the dissociative disorder but it will help in eliminating all the underlying problems connected with the condition.

Individuals are free to take the depersonalization disorder test online in a hassle-free manner, and our highly qualified experts will do the test.

On the other hand, we will also do our best to manage the symptoms and have excellent control over them. We will make sure that our clients return home to their loved ones fully cured.

The dissociative disorder can become a lot worse if not treated on time. That is why we at Abhasa take such conditions pretty seriously and make sure that our clients receive the love and care they need to eliminate this condition. For more information, please get in touch with us through our contact number and mail address.

Prepared by: Mr. Denny Prasad, Psychologist
LinkedIn Id: https://www.linkedin.com/in/denny-prasad-b55028124